One in five American adults say they’ve tried hemp-based products, research shows

More than a fifth of American adults reported using hemp-derived cannabinoids such as cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in a survey collected last summer.

Not only did the researchers recognize how popular hemp-based products are, they pointed out that states that ban cannabis lead to higher use of delta-8 THC, probably because everyone can legally obtain it in those states.

The study Past-Year Use Prevalence of Cannabidiol, Cannabigerol, Cannabinol and 8-Tetrahydrocannabinol among US Adults was published on December 13 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). and referenced data collected in the 2019 Gallup poll.

According to the new findings, 25.2% of adults reported using any new hemp-derived cannabinoid in the past year, including delta-8 THC, CBD, cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), etc. Of these adults, 21% said they specifically used CBD. The rate of use of other hemp-derived products was lower: 11.9% of respondents reported using delta-8 THC, 5.2% reported using CBG, and 4.4% reported using CBG None of the least significant cannabinoids.

The study was written by doctors Adrianne R. Wilson-Poe, Tristin Smith, Michael R. Elliott, Daniel J. Kruger and Kevin F. Boehnke. To our knowledge, we provide the first estimates of past-year prevalence of CBN, 8-THC, and CBG use in the United States. According to a Gallup poll, 14% of US adults personally used CBD in 2019; the 21% CBD use we report represents a 50% increase over the past 4 years, the researchers wrote.

Past-year cannabis use was somewhat higher than in other studies, but was similarly associated with younger age, and past-year cannabis use was also associated with use of new cannabinoid products, the report continues. The higher use of 8-THC in states without medical or adult cannabis laws suggests that cannabis prohibition may inadvertently promote the use of 8-THC. New cannabinoids have few controlled human studies, but studies suggest that these products are used to treat sleep or pain.1 and instead of other medications, including pain relievers.

The researchers noted that hemp products are often psychoactive, and these are the main compounds they are concerned about.

Based on these results, we support ongoing public health surveillance efforts targeting new cannabinoids, as there are no industry standards and equivalent pharmacological effects to protect consumers or the effects of 9-THC and its hemp-derived debilitating analogs (e.g., 8-THC). be of particular concern to adolescents and young adults, the study reports. Limitations of the study included failure to assess new cannabinoid uses (eg, dose and frequency) and potential sampling bias, although NORC implements probabilistic best practices for recruitment to its AmeriSpeak panel. Our results highlight the importance of future research to better understand perceptions of safety, motivations for use, and outcomes of using these products.

The researchers warned that the products are not regulated and that patients may be at risk of adverse effects from unknown contaminants.

The 2018 Farm Bill legalized the cultivation and sale of hemp, creating a legal loophole that allows hemp-derived products that are now sold online and in smoke shops, gas stations and other retail outlets.

Medscape reports that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate hemp products; therefore, there are no federal standards for testing ingredient safety or verifying ingredients listed on the label.

“If someone is applying for one of these products for medical use and it has heavy metals and pesticides and it doesn’t even have an active ingredient, that’s not a good thing,” said Kevin F. Boehnke, PhD. assistant professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Chronic Pain and Fatigue Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

The ban leads to the use of the Delta-8

In states where medical cannabis is legal, residents were 56% less likely to use delta-8 THC, while in states where cannabis is legal for adults, residents were 55% less likely to use delta-8 THC than in states that did not legalization. .

The findings suggest that “cannabis prohibition may inadvertently promote the use of delta-8-THC,” Boehnke and his colleagues wrote.

Alice Kuo, MD, PhD, a pediatrician and professor of internal medicine and pediatrics at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, told Medscape that she has seen a significant increase in the number of patients using cannabinoid products. and believe they are natural.

“My official response to patients who ask me for my opinion is that I don’t have enough scientific background to make a statement: If you think it helps you and you don’t have side effects, I’m not going to tell you to stop,” Kuo said.

The FDA is warning about delta-8 THC and similar products, which it says are products that have not been proven safe.

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